A private trial is handled by a retired judge in a private setting and is typically governed by the rules and procedures that would apply if the dispute were taken to the courthouse. Testimony and documents are confidential with private trial. The disputants are empowered to choose their own judge and avoid the delays associated with congested court calendars. The private trial concludes with the judge issuing an enforceable judgment. As with a court trial (and unlike binding arbitration), the decision is subject to appeal, which may be conducted in private, as well.